Docker is supported on the $9 C.H.I.P. computerSun, Dec 11, 2016
I guess you’re already knowing, one of the cheapest but powerful ARM boards is the $9 C.H.I.P. computer from Next Thing Co. @NextThingCo. It has an ARMv7 1GHz CPU with 512 MByte of main memory, 4 GByte flash memory as disk storage and is equipped with onboard WiFi and bluetooth as well.
Some time ago I wrote a detailed blog post about how to Install Docker 1.12 on the $9 C.H.I.P. computer with the help of a custom Linux kernel which I built from source for this purpose and included all the necessary kernel modules which are required to run Docker. As an outlook I mentioned that one of the kernel developers from @NextThingCo, namely Wynter Woods @zerotri, is working to support Docker officially.
Kernel development and testing takes time and finally here it is!
Docker is running on the C.H.I.P. with their latest standard kernel!
With the new Docker-enabled Linux kernel for the C.H.I.P. it’s really easy to install and use Docker on these tiny cute ARM devices. Basically you just have to update/upgrade to the latest software packages through the standard
apt package management commands, have to install Docker and you’re good to go.
As I’ve already covered all these steps in detail in my post Install Docker 1.12 on the $9 C.H.I.P. computer, we can take a shortcut and I’m explaining only the new and shorter steps.
Necessary steps to install Docker
- Flash the latest available firmware (see last post)
- Connect to the C.H.I.P. via USB or UART console cable (see last post)
- Configure WiFi connection (see last post)
- Configure SSH to access the C.H.I.P. (see last post)
- Checking the OS and Linux kernel version
- Upgrade the Linux kernel and operating system
- Install the Docker Engine the official way
- Run your first Docker Container on the C.H.I.P.
Step 5: Checking the OS and Linux kernel version
Here I’ve flashed the C.H.I.P. with the latest available firmware
uname -a Linux chip 4.4.13-ntc-mlc #1 SMP Thu Nov 3 01:28:54 UTC 2016 armv7l GNU/Linux
and we can see it’s running a Linux kernel version
4.4.13-ntc-mlc which is compiled at
Thu Nov 3 01:28:54 UTC 2016. If you’ve flashed your device weeks or months before, you could maybe see a different and older kernel version.
Step 6: Upgrade the Linux kernel and operating system
The new Docker-enabled Linux kernel for the C.H.I.P. computer is already available in the standard APT package repository, but it’s not yet included in the latest firmware you can flash with the C.H.I.P. Flasher.
In order to update/upgrade the C.H.I.P. kernel we are going the easy way and performing a complete update and upgrade process of the operating system as well.
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
As you can see on the
apt-get upgrade command, you’ll be asked to confirm to install a few new software packages which also includes the new kernel packages.
... The following packages will be upgraded: apt apt-utils base-files chip-mali-modules-4.4.13-ntc-mlc cpio dmsetup dpkg e2fslibs e2fsprogs gnupg gpgv libapt-inst1.5 libapt-pkg4.12 libc-bin libc6 libcomerr2 libdevmapper1.02.1 libdns-export100 libgcrypt20 libhogweed2 libicu52 libidn11 libirs-export91 libisc-export95 libisccfg-export90 libnettle4 libpam-modules libpam-modules-bin libpam0g libpcre3 libss2 libtasn1-6 libudev1 linux-image-4.4.13-ntc-mlc multiarch-support rtl8723bs-mp-driver-modules-4.4.13-ntc-mlc tar tzdata udev vim-common vim-tiny wget 42 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 39.8 MB of archives. After this operation, 8562 kB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
At the end of the upgrade you have to reboot the device in order to boot the new Linux kernel. That’s all, really!
As you log in again, you can see
uname -a Linux chip 4.4.13-ntc-mlc #1 SMP Tue Dec 6 21:38:00 UTC 2016 armv7l GNU/Linux
the new Linux kernel has the same version, but a newer build time from
Tue Dec 6 21:38:00 UTC 2016.
Step 6: Install the Docker Engine the official way
To install Docker the official way is quite easy today because we can use the APT packages and install scripts directly provided by the Docker project. And Debian for ARMv7 is one of the officially supported OS.
curl -sSL https://get.docker.com | sh
This will take some time, but after a while the Docker Engine is installed on your C.H.I.P. computer with just a few commands.
[email protected]:~# cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list deb [arch=armhf] https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo debian-jessie main
Check the version of the Docker client command.
[email protected]:~# docker --version Docker version 1.12.2, build bb80604
Check the versions of the Docker client, Docker API and Docker Engine.
[email protected]:~# docker version Client: Version: 1.12.2 API version: 1.24 Go version: go1.6.3 Git commit: bb80604 Built: Tue Oct 11 17:52:51 2016 OS/Arch: linux/arm Server: Version: 1.12.2 API version: 1.24 Go version: go1.6.3 Git commit: bb80604 Built: Tue Oct 11 17:52:51 2016 OS/Arch: linux/arm
Get some more details about the running Docker Engine.
[email protected]:~# docker info Containers: 0 Running: 0 Paused: 0 Stopped: 0 Images: 0 Server Version: 1.12.2 Storage Driver: devicemapper Pool Name: docker-0:16-33578-pool Pool Blocksize: 65.54 kB Base Device Size: 10.74 GB Backing Filesystem: ext4 Data file: /dev/loop0 Metadata file: /dev/loop1 Data Space Used: 305.7 MB Data Space Total: 107.4 GB Data Space Available: 6.596 GB Metadata Space Used: 729.1 kB Metadata Space Total: 2.147 GB Metadata Space Available: 2.147 GB Thin Pool Minimum Free Space: 10.74 GB Udev Sync Supported: true Deferred Removal Enabled: false Deferred Deletion Enabled: false Deferred Deleted Device Count: 0 Data loop file: /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/devicemapper/data WARNING: Usage of loopback devices is strongly discouraged for production use. Use `--storage-opt dm.thinpooldev` to specify a custom block storage device. Metadata loop file: /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/devicemapper/metadata Library Version: 1.02.90 (2014-09-01) Logging Driver: json-file Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs Plugins: Volume: local Network: overlay bridge null host Swarm: inactive Runtimes: runc Default Runtime: runc Security Options: Kernel Version: 4.4.13-ntc-mlc Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 8 (jessie) OSType: linux Architecture: armv7l CPUs: 1 Total Memory: 491 MiB Name: chip ID: Z7U2:2DYF:G54F:2QLU:AAG3:TD7Y:YWSQ:6PRM:6ZW3:WIC5:7DEA:HFFK Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker Debug Mode (client): false Debug Mode (server): false Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/ WARNING: No swap limit support WARNING: No kernel memory limit support Insecure Registries: 127.0.0.0/8
Finally we could see, the latest Docker Engine v1.12.2 for Debian/ARMv7 is now installed and is successfully running.
Step 8: Run your first Docker Container on the C.H.I.P.
As a last step we’d like to start a first Docker container, a small web server.
docker run -d -p 80:80 hypriot/rpi-busybox-httpd Unable to find image 'hypriot/rpi-busybox-httpd:latest' locally latest: Pulling from hypriot/rpi-busybox-httpd c74a9c6a645f: Pull complete 6f1938f6d8ae: Pull complete e1347d4747a6: Pull complete a3ed95caeb02: Pull complete Digest: sha256:c00342f952d97628bf5dda457d3b409c37df687c859df82b9424f61264f54cd1 Status: Downloaded newer image for hypriot/rpi-busybox-httpd:latest fec2773baaec570ba8b6e00296dfd11b4b4768d1b51e574d851968b9225b9d22
Now start your web browser and point it to the website from our Docker container.
Using latest RC of Docker Engine
If you’d like to get the latest Docker Engine for testing, like release candidates, you can install it pretty easily with
curl -sSL https://test.docker.com | sh
Or you can upgrade your current system with
#edit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list # change 'main' to 'testing' cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list deb [arch=armhf] https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo debian-jessie testing apt-get update apt-get install -y docker-engine
Now you can test the latest available release candidate of the Docker Engine with all the newest features with Docker Swarm mode and other goodies.
docker version Client: Version: 1.13.0-rc3 API version: 1.25 Go version: go1.7.3 Git commit: 4d92237 Built: Mon Dec 5 19:00:08 2016 OS/Arch: linux/arm Server: Version: 1.13.0-rc3 API version: 1.25 (minimum version 1.12) Go version: go1.7.3 Git commit: 4d92237 Built: Mon Dec 5 19:00:08 2016 OS/Arch: linux/arm Experimental: false
TL;DR - Install Docker on the C.H.I.P. computer
For all the impatient users, these are the minimal steps to install the latest Linux kernel and the latest Docker Engine on the C.H.I.P. computer.
apt-get update apt-get upgrade -y reboot curl -sSL https://get.docker.com | sh
Again, I like to thank Wynter Woods @zerotri from @NextThingCo for his efforts and hard work to include all the Linux kernel changes necessary to run the Docker Engine pretty slick on the C.H.I.P. computer. It’s so great to see when all the changes will be accepted and implemented in the upstream version, so everybody can use the new features without spending too much time.
That’s the important point to work in opensource, contributing back so that all users benefit from the results!
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Dieter @Quintus23Mcomments powered by Disqus